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Accounting standards and how they impact on Pillar Two

Pillar Two Accounting Disclosures Under IFRS

IAS 1, IAS 10 and IAS 12 all have provisions that can impact on the required disclosures in financial statements for Pillar Two, however, the key determinant will be whether the domestic tax law to implement the Pillar Two GloBE Rules has been announced, substantively enacted, or enacted before the financial statements are issued.

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Joint Statement – Pillar Two Gains Momentum in the EU

Germany, France, Italy, Spain and the Netherlands issued a joint statement stating that if agreement is not reached on Pillar Two in ‘the next few weeks’ they will push forward domestic implementation of the Pillar Two GloBE rules ‘by any possible legal means’ in 2023. 

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A Review of the Amount A Double Tax Relief Rules

The Amount A elimination of double taxation provisions in Title 5 of the Progress Report on Amount A of Pillar One apply to prevent a multinational group being taxed twice on profits allocated to a market jurisdiction where there is already some form or physical establishment that is subject to tax. 

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Estonia and the Pillar Two GloBE rules

Pillar Two GloBE Rules and Estonia’s Distribution Tax

A key issue with a distribution tax regime such as Estonia’s is that a company may not distribute profits for a number of years. They would have GloBE income but no or limited tax suffered on that income which would lead to a sizeable Pillar Two top-up tax liability. As such a distribution tax regime election is available.

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Pillar Two GloBE Loss Election – Friend or Foe?

The Pillar Two GloBE loss election can only be made once per jurisdiction. Therefore it’s essential to identity whether this will be beneficial or not. There may be some cases (such as where there is no deferred tax in a jurisdiction or where corporate income tax rates are very low) that this could swing the balance in favour of making an election. But what about the impact of other timing differences? In this article we look at the pro’s and con’s of making a GloBE loss election, including examples to illustrate key issues.

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UK Multinational Top-Up Tax Calculator

The UK published draft legislation on July 20, 2022, to implement a ‘multinational top-up tax’ in line with Pillar Two of the OECDs Two-Pillar Solution. We have produced a calculator to illustrate the key aspects to the calculation of the multinational top-up tax.

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The Impact of the Different ETR Calculation for Investment Funds

The Pillar Two effective tax rate (ETR) calculation for investment entities is similar to the standard ETR calculation, however, there is an important twist in that the top-up tax is adjusted for minority interests. There is no adjustment for minority interests under the standard ETR calculation. In this article we look at the impact of this.

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Joint Ventures and Pillar Two

Joint Ventures and the Allocation of Pillar Two Top-Up Tax

The Pillar Two rules include specific rules for Joint Ventures (JVs) that would otherwise not be within the scope of Pillar Two due to not being consolidated in the financial accounts of the MNE group. However, of more interest is how the amount of top-tax tax (and by implication the amount not collected) varies depending on the JV group structure. Read more in this article.

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UTPR Calculator

This Pillar Two under-taxed payments rule (UTPR) calculator gives an indication of the broad operation of how the top-up tax is allocated to UTPR jurisdictions.

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How does Pillar Two Impact Trusts and Foundations?

The Pillar Two rules don’t just apply to companies. They apply to ‘entities’ which can include Trusts and Foundations. The application of the Pillar Two rules to Trusts and Foundations can give rise to a number of issues. Read our member article on some of the practical issues to consider.

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Pillar Two and Transfer Pricing

The Pillar Two Rules generally require transactions between entities located in different jurisdictions to be priced at an arms-length basis. However, special rules apply to unilateral transfer pricing adjustments given the risk of income either being taxed twice or not taxed at all.

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CFC pushdown calculator

CFC Pushdown Limitation Tool

When allocating taxes to group entities for the purpose of the Pillar Two rules, tax paid by a parent entity under a controlled foreign company (CFC) regime is usually allocated to the CFC entity. However, under Pillar Two, this is subject to a limitation. Use our interactive tool to see the impact of the CFC pushdown limitation.

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Pillar Two Deferred Tax Liability Calculator

Deferred Tax has a significant impact on the Pillar Two effective tax rate (ETR) and therefore on any top-up tax that may be levied. Use our Pillar Two Deferred Tax Liability Calculator to model the impact on the Pillar Two top-up tax.

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